Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

CASINOS AND ECONOMIC WELL-BEING: EVALUATING THE ALBERTA FIRST NATIONS’ EXPERIENCE

Yale D Belanger, Robert J Williams, Jennifer N Arthur

Abstract


Many of Canada’s First Nations have introduced casinos as an economic strategy to help mitigate existing socio-economic disparities. In total 17 First Nation casinos currently operate in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario, while the provincial Nova Scotia First Nations operate ‘Video Lottery Terminal (VLT) palaces’ (i.e., no table games). Although the economic benefits of Native casinos in the United States are well documented, there is very little research to determine whether the same effects exist in Canada. The present research seeks to partly fill this void by evaluating the impact of the recent introduction of casinos to Alberta First Nation (i.e., reserve) communities. Findings show that there is significant variability in the economic benefits between communities. Nonetheless, it is clear that, in general, the introduction of casinos in Alberta has broad economic benefits to Alberta First Nations.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alberta quoting Alberta Minister of Gambling Ron Stevens, “Government approves policies to effectively manage growth of gambling: Community support required for new casinos; VLT cap to remain.” [online] www.gambling.gov.ab.ca/news/20011022.asp. Last accessed 2 June 2005.

Gary C Anders‘Native American casino gambling in Arizona: A case study of the Fort McDowell reservation’Journal of Gambling Studies (1996) 12(1) 253-267.

Terry L AndersonandDominicP Parker.‘Sovereignty, Credible Commitments, and Economic Prosperity on American IndianReservations” Journal of Law and Economics (2008) 51(4) 641-666

Tom Arnold ‘Natives seek bigger chunk of gaming profits’Edmonton Journal (21 November 1996) A7.

Eve L Baron Public Participation and the choice of Casinos as development Strategy in Iroquois Nations’United States –New Jersey: Rutgers University. Ph.D.

Yale D Belanger (ed). First Nations Gaming in Canada (Winnipeg, University of Manitoba Press 2011a).

------ ‘First Nations Gaming and Urban Aboriginal Peoples: Does an Economic ‘Fit’ Exist?In YaleBelanger (ed),First Nations Gaming in Canada(Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press), pp. 140-165.

------ ‘First Nations Gaming as a Self-government Imperative? Ensuring the Health of First Nations Problem Gamblers’International Journal of Canadian Studies(2010) 41 1-24.

------Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada (Saskatoon, SK.: Purich Publishing 2006).

------ ‘The morality of aboriginal gaming: A concept in the process of definition’Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development (2002) 2(2) 25-36.

Jessica RCattelinoHigh Stakes: Florida Seminole Gaming and Sovereignty (Durham: Duke University Press 2008).

Thadieus WConner and William ATaggart ‘The impact of gaming on the Indian nations in New Mexico. Social Science Quarterly (2009) 90(1) 50-70.

Don A Cozzetto‘The economic and social implications of Indian gaming: The case of Minnesota'American Indian Culture and Research Journa (1995)19(1) 119-131.

Anne Marie d’Hauteserre ‘ Foxwoods Casino Resort: An unusual experiment in economic development. Economic Geography, Extra issue (1998) 112-121.

J Dense “The socioeconomic impact of gaming in the Virgin Islands.” Gaming Law Review(2004) 8 175.

William N Evans and JulieH TopoleskiThe social and economic impact of Native American casinos: National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, NBER Working Papers: 9198 (2003).

Tracey L FarriganThe Tunica miracle, sin and savior in America’s Ethiopia: A poverty and social impact analysis of casino gaming in Tunica, Mississippi. United States -- Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University. Ph.D. (2005)

James V Fenelon ‘Indian gaming: Traditional perspectives and cultural sovereignty’American Behavioral Scientist (2006)50(3) 381-409.

Angela A Gonzales ‘Gaming and displacement: winners and losers in American Indian casino development’ International Social Science Journal (2003)55(175) 123-133.

Angela A Gonzales, ThomasA Lyson and KWhitney Mauser ‘What does a casino mean to a tribe? Assessing the impact of casino development on Indian reservations in Arizona and New Mexico’The Social Science Journal (2007)44(3) 405-419.

Inhyuck SteveHa and JamesUllmer ‘The economic effects of Harrah’s Cherokee Casino and Hotel on the regional economy of Western North Carolina’Journal of Economics & Economic Education Research(2007)8(2) 33-46.

Rick HornungOne Nation Under the Gun: Inside the Mohawk Civil War (Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co., Ltd. 1991).

Bruce E JohansenLife & Death in Mohawk Country (Golden: North American Press 1993).

Wooyoung KimThe economic impacts of American Indian casinos. United States -- Maryland: University of Maryland, College Park. Ph.D. (2006).

“Klein nod given to reserve casinos already, says MLA,” Edmonton Journal (17 March 1995).

“Native casinos are a big gamble.” Edmonton Journal (2 April 2000) A14.

Jamie Komarnicki“Tsuu T’ina housing project banks on casino profits.” Calgary Herald (6December 2007).

Steven AndrewLight and Kathryn RLRandIndian Gaming and Tribal Sovereignty: The Casino Compromise (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas 2005).

Dale M Mason ‘Tribes, Casinos, and Hardball Politics: Indian Gaming and Its Impacts on American Politics’Gaming Law Review(2001) 5(4)365.

------Indian Gaming: Tribal Sovereignty and American Politics (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press 2000).

Sandra L Momperand Mary Kate Dennis ‘American Indian Women Report on the Community Impact of a Tribal Casino’Race and Social Problems (2010) 2(1) 59-68.

Cindy NinokawaThe social impacts of Indian gaming in California. United States -- California: California State University, Fullerton. M.A. (2002).

Dean Neu and Richard Therrien Accounting for Genocide: Canada’s Bureaucratic Assault on Aboriginal People (Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing 2003).

National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) Economic Impact Report(2009) [online] indiangaming.org/info/pr/press-releases-2010/NIGA_09_Econ_Impact_Report.pdf

ThomasD Peacock PriscillaA Day and RobertB Peacock, ‘At what cost? The social impact of American Indian gaming’Journal of Health & Social Policy (1999) 10(4) 23-34.

R B Gitter and P F Reagan ‘Is Gaming the Optimal Strategy? The Impact of Gaming Facilities on the Income and Employment of American Indians’Economic Letters (2007) 95(3) 428-432.

James I Schaapf ‘The Growth of the Native American Gaming Industry: What Hasthe Past Provided, and What Does the Future Hold?’American Indian Quarterly(2010) 34(3) 365.

Monte Stewart ‘Natives seeking own gaming commission’Calgary Herald (29 August 1993) A-4.

Kate A Spilde, JB Taylor and KW Grant Social and economic analysis of tribal government gaming in Oklahoma (Cambridge, MA: John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 2002).

JonathonB Taylor Economic impact of the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe 2008 (Sarasota, FL: Taylor Policy Group, 2009).

JonathonB Taylor and Joseph PKalt Cabazon, the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, and the socioeconomic consequences of American Indian governmental gaming: A ten-year review (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, 2005).

Julie HTopoleskiThe social and economic impact of Native American casinos. United States -- Maryland: University of Maryland, College Park. Ph.D. (2003).

“Tsuu T’ina Open to Some Changes,” Calgary Herald (30 January 1996), A6.

United NationsHuman Development Report (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

MichaelWenzCasino gambling and economic developmentUnited States -- Illinois: University of Illinois at Chicago. Ph.D (2006).

Michael Wenz ‘Matching estimation, casino gambling and the quality of life’The Annals of Regional Science (2008) 42(1) 235-249.

Christopher Wetzel ‘Intratribal contention concerning Indian gaming: Implications for syncretic tribalism’American Behavioral Scientist (2006)50(3) 283-295.

Robert J Williams Yale D Belanger and Jennifer Arthur Gambling in Alberta: History, Current Status, and Socioeconomic Impacts. Final Report Submitted to the Alberta Gaming Research Institute. Edmonton, Alberta, 2011.

Robert J Williams J Rehm &Rhys Stevens The Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling. Final Report submitted to the Canadian Consortium on Gambling Research. March 2011.

Robert J Williams Rhys Stevens and Gary Nixon ‘Gambling and Problem Gambling in North American Aboriginal People.’ In Yale Belanger (ed),First Nations Gaming in Canada (Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press), pp. 166-194.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5750/jgbe.v5i1.563

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.