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Juliet Oppong-Asare
Kofi Busia Abrefa
Charles Ofosu Marfo


Many scholars – e.g. Glover (2005), Sekyi-Baidoo (2006) and Falkum (2010) – have expressed some concerns about Word Sense Multiplicity (WSM), which explains multiple meanings as part of a word. In other words, WSM is an integral part of any natural language including Akan on which this paper concentrates. As Agyekum (2002; 2005) and Levin (1993) observe, with WSM, users and researchers of language dwell on a particular sense of a word deeming it as an underlying representation of all other senses. In this paper, however, from the perspective of the homonymic and polysemic nature of a word, we seek to explore the Homonymic Chain Model (Oppong-Asare, 2012) as a tool for expressing the multiple meanings words in languages in descriptive terms. The model attempts to simplify the understanding of the various meanings of a word by conceptualizing its diverse senses. As will also be exhibited pictorially, the Homonymic Chain Model (HCM) also explains that a particular word may have two or more distinct meanings and each of the meanings may also have other related senses. As part of our conclusion, we contend among others that apart from aiding students and language learners to recognize and comprehend different senses of a word more clearly, HCM could also facilitate the work of translators working with Akan.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Juliet Oppong-Asare, Department of Modern Languages Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Assistant LecturerDepartment of Modern LanguagesKwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Kofi Busia Abrefa, Department of Ghanaian Languages & Linguistics University of Cape Coast

LecturerDepartment of Ghanaian Languages & LinguisticsUniversity of Cape Coast

Charles Ofosu Marfo, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Senior LecturerDept. of Modern LanguagesKwame Nkrumah University of Science and TechnologyKumasi, GHANA


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